May 29, 2022
Physical Education?

Physical Education

Physical education uses exercise and information to promote healthy growth
and physical development. Physical education is a course taught in school that
focuses on developing physical fitness and the ability to perform and enjoy day-to-day activities.

Definition of Physical Education

Kids, as well as adults, benefit from regular exercise. Health benefits from

regular exercise include: stronger muscles and bones, increased coordination

and energy, and decreased risk of developing chronic diseases such as type 2

diabetes. For most kids, exercise means being physically active during play,

recess, and physical education class, also known as P.E. Physical education

contributes to each child’s total growth and development.

Physical education is a course taught in school that focuses on developing

physical fitness and the ability to perform and enjoy day-to-day physical

activities with ease. Kids also develop skills necessary to participate in a

wide range of activities, such as soccer, basketball, or swimming. Regular

physical education classes prepare kids to be physically and mentally active,

fit, and healthy into adulthood. An effective physical education program

should include engaging lessons, trained P.E. teachers, adequate instructional

periods, and student evaluation.

Curriculum of Physical Education

Physical education helps students develop physical skills and confidence.

For example, elementary and middle school curriculum includes activities

that help kids obtain and improve skills, such as running, catching, throwing,

and striking, applicable to sports such as baseball, volleyball, or karate.

Balancing skills could be applied to dance or gymnastics.

High school curriculum should focus on lifetime sports skills like tennis or

aerobic dance, with a secondary emphasis on team sports.

Physical education develops fitness and fosters the desire for lifelong

participation in physical activity. high school curriculum prepares students

to become highly proficient in one or more sport and/or fitness activity of their choice.

Benefit of Physical education:

There are many benefits of physical education in schools. When students get

physical education, they :

  • Improve their grades and standardized test scores.
  • Increase their level of physical activity.
  • Stay on-task in the classroom.

Physical Education and Physical Activity

Schools are in a unique position to help students attain the nationally

recommended 60 minutes or more of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity daily.

Regular physical activity in childhood and adolescence is important for promoting

lifelong health and well-being and preventing various health conditions.

To learn more about benefits of physical activity, physical activity behaviors

of young people, and recommendations, visit Physical Activity Facts. For more visit Here

Find out what CDC is doing nationwide to help more adults, children, and

adolescents become physically active.

Effects of Physical Activity on Academic Performance:

  • Evidence suggests that increasing physical activity and physical fitness may improve academic performance and that time in the school day dedicated to recess, physical education class, and physical activity in the classroom may also facilitate academic performance.
  • Available evidence suggests that mathematics and reading are the academic topics that are most influenced by physical activity. These topics depend on efficient and effective  executive function, which has been linked to physical activity and physical fitness.
  • Executive function and brain health underlie academic performance. Basic cognitive functions related to attention and memory facilitate learning, and these functions are enhanced by physical activity and higher aerobic fitness.
  • Single sessions of and long-term participation in physical activity improve cognitive performance and brain health. Children who participate in vigorous- or moderate-intensity physical activity benefit the most.
  • Given the importance of time on task to learning, students should be provided with frequent physical activity breaks that are developmentally appropriate.
  • Although presently understudied, physically active lessons offered in the classroom may increase time on task and attention to task in the classroom setting.

Although academic performance stems from a complex interaction

between intellect and contextual variables, health is a vital moderating

factor in a child’s ability to learn. The idea that healthy children learn better

is empirically support. studies have confirm that health benefits

are associated with physical activity, including cardiovascular and

muscular fitness, bone health, psychosocial outcomes, and cognitive

and brain health (; see Chapter 3). The relationship of

physical activity and physical fitness to cognitive and brain health and to

academic performance is the subject of this chapter.

More Importance of Physical education:

Given that the brain is responsible for both mental processes and physical

actions of the human body, brain health is important across the life span.

In adults, brain health, representing absence of disease and optimal structure

and function, is measured in terms of quality of life and effective functioning in

activities of daily living.  As a result of that, In children, brain health can be measured in terms of

successful development of attention, on-task behavior, memory, and academic

performance in an educational setting. This chapter reviews the findings of

recent research regarding the contribution of engagement in physical activity

and the attainment of a health-enhancing level of physical fitness to cognitive

and brain health in children. Correlational research examining the relationship

among academic performance, physical fitness, and physical activity also is

described. Because research in older adults has served as a model for

understanding the effects of physical activity and fitness on the developing

brain during childhood, the adult research is briefly discussed. The short- and

long-term cognitive benefits of both a single session of and regular

participation in physical activity are summarized.

Before outlining the health benefits of physical activity and fitness,

it is important to note that many factors influence academic performance.

Among these are socioeconomic status (), parental involvement

(), and a host of other demographic factors. A valuable

predictor of student academic performance is a parent having clear

expectations for the child’s academic success. Attendance is another factor

confirmed as having a significant impact on academic performance (

). Because children must be present to learn the desired

content, attendance should be measured in considering factors related to academic performance.

Physical Education Importance:

Physical Education (PE) develops students’ competence and confidence to

take part in a range of physical activities that become a central part of their lives,

both in and out of school.

However, a high-quality physical education curriculum enables all students to enjoy

and succeed in many kinds of physical activity. They develop a wide range of

skills and the ability to use tactics, strategies and compositional ideas to perform

successfully. When they are performing, they think about what they are doing,

they analyse the situation and make decisions. They also reflect on their own

and others’ performances and find ways to improve upon them. As a result,

they develop the confidence to take part in different physical activities and learn

about the value of healthy, active lifestyles.

Discovering what they like to do, what their aptitudes are at school,

and how and where to get involved in physical activity helps them make

informed choices about lifelong physical activity. PE helps students

develop personally and socially. They work as individuals, in groups and

in teams, developing concepts of fairness and of personal and social

responsibility. They take on different roles and responsibilities, including leadership,

coaching and officiating. Through the range of experiences that PE offers, and finally

they learn how to be effective in competitive, creative and challenging situations.

Our aims are to:

  • encourage a healthy and active lifestyle throughout the school body
  • nurture sportsmanship in all aspects of competition
  • widen each student’s sporting experience and enjoyment
  • create a passion for active recreation and sport
  • assist students in reaching their physical potential in a variety of sporting environments.

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2 thoughts on “Physical Education

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